David Emanuel Twiggs
b. unknown date, 1790, Richmond County, Ga.
d. July 15, 1862, Augusta, Ga.

Twiggs was the oldest and most senior officer to leave the U.S. Army for the Confederacy. The son of a Revolutionary War veteran, Twiggs fought in the War of 1812, the Indian campaigns and the Mexican War. As a major general in the U.S. Army in 1861, he was in command of the Department of Texas. Twiggs asked the Federal Government for advice if the state of Texas demanded his surrender. He received no guidance and in February of 1861 surrendered Texas and all the Union troops, supplies and funds to Ben McCulloch and his Texas Rangers. Because of his actions, Twiggs was dismissed from the Union Army March 1. He was then appointed a major general in the Confederate Army and assigned command of the District of Louisiana. However, he was too ill to ever take command and died the following year.

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