|John Newland Maffitt
b. February 22, 1819, at sea
d. May 16, 1886, Wilmington, N.C.
At the age of 13, Maffitt entered the U.S. Navy as a midshipman where he served for almost 29 years before resigning in 1861 to join the Confederate States Navy. He served on three combat vessels: the Savannah, the Florida, and the Albemarle. During his career, Maffitt captured about 55 federal and enemy merchant ships and became known for his ability to run Union blockades. He was promoted to commander in April 1863. Toward the end of the war, Maffitt, like the rest of his crew, was stricken by yellow fever. After the war, he wrote a novel, Nautilus, and wrote several articles about his naval career. At the time of his death, he left an unfinished manuscript about piracy in the West Indies.
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