|Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson
b. January 21, 1824, Clarksburg, Va. (now W.V.)
d. May 10, 1863, near Fredericksburg, Va.
Before the war, Jackson graduated from West Point, and was assigned to Mexico, New York & then Florida. In 1851, he resigned from the Army and became a professor of artillery and natural philosophy at Virginia Military Institute for almost 10 years. At the outbreak of the war, Jackson was ordered to Richmond and commissioned a colonel in the Confederate Army but was quickly promoted to general. At the First Bull Run, Gen. Barnard E. Bee said of him, "There is Jackson standing like a stone wall." Jackson served the Confederacy during the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862, Front Royal, Seven Days' Campaign, Bull Run Harpers Ferry, Antietam, and Fredericksburg.
On May 2, 1863, at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Jackson was mistaken shot by his own men. He was hit 3 times. Two bullets shattered his left arm and the third lodged in his right hand. After Jackson's left arm was removed in a field hospital near Chancellorsville, he was moved 27 miles to Thomas Chandler's office near Guinea Station to recuperate. He rallied for a few days but on May 7, he took a turn for the worse and died May 10. The office where Jackson died is now a shrine in the Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania National Military Park. His body is buried in Lexington, Virginia (home of VMI), however, his amputated arm is buried at Ellwood, near Chancellorsville.
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